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«Journal of International Network Center for Fundamental and Applied Research»

(Журнал международного сетевого центра фундаментальных и прикладных исследований) – научный журнал.

E-ISSN 2413-7588
Периодичность – 2 раза в год.
Издается с 2014 года.

2 December 27, 2018

Articles and Statements

1. Alexander Fedorov
Nazisploitation Films: Hermeneutic Analysis

Journal of International Network Center for Fundamental and Applied Research, 2018, 5(2): 53-61.
DOI: 10.13187/jincfar.2018.2.53CrossRef

The article uses examples of specific feature films of Nazisploitation for a hermeneutic analysis of cultural context – a study of the process of interpreting the media text, cultural and historical factors influencing the point of view of the agency/author of the media text and the view of the audience. At the same time, the author means that hermeneutical analysis implies comprehension of the media text through comparison with historical, cultural tradition and reality; penetration into its logic; through comparison of media images in the historical and cultural context, combining historical, hermeneutical analysis with structural, narrative, ethical, ideological, iconographic/visual, analysis of media stereotypes and characters of the media text.

URL: http://ejournal36.com/journals_n/1545927569.pdf
Number of views: 731      Download in PDF

2. Alexey N. Grebenkin
Special Services and Units of the State Security Guard in Ancient World

Journal of International Network Center for Fundamental and Applied Research, 2018, 5(2): 62-77.
DOI: 10.13187/jincfar.2018.2.62CrossRef

This article presents the attempt to carry out a comprehensive scientific analysis of the history, development and activities of special services and state protection units in ancient Greek city-states and Ancient Rome. Speaking about the Ancient Greek special services, the author focuses on the fact that the creation of full-fledged structures responsible for the safety of policies and their inhabitants was impossible due to organizational and financial reasons caused by the small size of city-states. That’s why the set of special services was reduced to Scythian police units in Athens which were existing for a limited time period. The active military policy and a permanent tension of the inner life in Ancient Rome led to the creation of numerous special services (frumentarii and speculatores, agentes in rebus), which were created for the most part as the structure of the army, but quickly gained the function of political investigation. Besides, in Ancient Rome the important role was played by the bodies which provided public order (vigils and city cohorts). The development of state protection bodies in Ancient Greek city-states was closely connected with the institute of tyranny. Tyrant surrounded himself with troops of the guard, who, in addition to purely security and executive functions, carried important political meaning. At the same time, the practical side of the activities of security agencies has never been put completely in the background. This is evidenced by the fact that the protection involved both physically developed and nimble winners of the Olympic games and well-trained military formations (hippies in Sparta, the Sacred Band of Thebes, Agema in Macedonia). The security guard service of Ancient Rome also invariably involved military units: celeres in the Roman Kingdom, ablecta in the Roman Republic, the praetorians and auxillia palatina in the Roman Empire. In addition, representative and security tasks were solved by special civil servants (the lictors). The specificity of political relations in the Roman Empire turned the praetorians from a security structure into a drive belt of state coups. This is the clear illustration of the inadmissibility of politicization of security units.

URL: http://ejournal36.com/journals_n/1545927623.pdf
Number of views: 767      Download in PDF

3. Andrey A. Mashkovtsev, Victoria V. Mashkovtseva
Old Believer Priests of Udmurtia in the second half of the XIX – early XX century: Relations with Local Authorities and the Orthodox Clergy

Journal of International Network Center for Fundamental and Applied Research, 2018, 5(2): 78-87.
DOI: 10.13187/jincfar.2018.2.78CrossRef

This study is devoted to the analysis of the relationship of the Old Believers clergy of Udmurtia with the local authorities and the Orthodox clergy in the second half of the XIX – early XX centuries. The article is based on the documents of the State Archive of the Russian Federation, the Russian State Historical Archive, the Central State Archive of the Udmurt Republic and the Central State Archive of the Kirov Region. The authors analyzed the causes of the negative attitude of the local administration to the Old Believers clergy, and also reviewed the main manifestations of the repressive course (detaining the Old Believers activists, closing prayers, removing old printed books, etc.). It is emphasized that even despite the liberalization of the confessional course in 1905, certain trends in Old Believers (for example, wanderers) continued to be persecuted by the authorities and the official church.

URL: http://ejournal36.com/journals_n/1545929077.pdf
Number of views: 718      Download in PDF

4. Liubov B. Vnukova
Innovative Potential of Students of the Southern Federal District (Based on the online Survey Materials)

Journal of International Network Center for Fundamental and Applied Research, 2018, 5(2): 88-99.
DOI: 10.13187/jincfar.2018.2.88CrossRef

The article is devoted to summarizing the results of an online survey of students of the Southern Federal District’s universities. The survey's purpose was assessment of innovation awareness and objective conditions that enable development in this area. 2900 students from eight universities located in Russia's Southern Federal District took part in an online survey which was conducted in September-October 2018. A decision was made to divide assessment of potential into several blocks. First of all, respondents were asked directly what they consider innovations, which famous innovators they know (being offered to choose from demonstrated photographs of Steve Jobs, Mark Zuckerberg, Elon Musk, etc.). Also they were asked where students get information about innovations from, what innovation-oriented events they are ready to spend their money on and what innovative projects in their cities they are aware of. Particular attention was paid to scientific activities of students as a source of innovation. If a student had already decided what he or she would do after receiving a diploma, he or she was offered an additional set of questions titled “Employee profile” or “Entrepreneurial profile”. Students vaguely understand the essence of the concept of innovation, although they demonstrate active interest in this topic. The overwhelming majority are not focused on engaging in innovative processes. About 10 % of students have relevant potential due to their having some knowledge and a steady intention to link their labor activities with innovations.

URL: http://ejournal36.com/journals_n/1545929405.pdf
Number of views: 788      Download in PDF

full number
URL: http://ejournal36.com/journals_n/1545929419.pdf
Number of views: 786      Download in PDF

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